Otherwise, the last produced stage remains a theoretically undetermined presupposition.
Only the attainment of critical knowledge, as the passage indicates, enables real deduction of the logical-historical possibility of the system of knowledge. Neither Reinhold, nor Fichte understands philosophy as a true logical-historical product. Neither focuses on reason as a temporally developing agent. What develops in time is a general-personal series of rectifying or actualizing perspectives of a a priori or supra-historical system of knowledge. It can be understood as a universal process, as a logical or timeless production.
The Wissenschaftslehre contains the eternal transcendental conditions necessary to determine the general possibility of experience. Fichte also refers to it as a logical-historical process in which the concrete philosophizing activity of many different thinkers enables the gradual uncovering of the ever-existing system of knowledge. Pragmatic history, an insight obtained through joint effort, records the personal self-conscious articulation in time of this timelessly produced system of knowledge. Fichte understands his Wissenschaftslehre in both i an abstract logical-non-historical, and in 2 a concrete logical- historical way.
meanwhile - Translation from English into German | PONS
The conceptual agreement between the eternal system of knowledge and its concrete historical presentation demands that the Wissenschaftslehre be presupposed, though not as a self-determined object. Reason has the constitutive character of a personally embodied logical-historical agent, the emerging self-reflecting product of which is the system of knowledge. It is not enough to distinguish between the concepts of simply general a priori productivity embodied in the activity of the Absolute I and personal a posteriori articulation self-determination embodied in the philosophizing activity of the finite rational being.
From a certain stage all rational activity is general-personal or pure-empirical activity. Thetic judgment enables the discursive self-determination of intuitional objects. Aber B sowol als A waren schchthin gesetzt, mithin, insofern A gesetzt war, B dem A schchthin entgegen gesetz. This subsequently enables judgment on the simultaneous self-identity and distinction of two objects of thought. This judging procedure furnishes the preliminary ground of discursive quantification.
Judgment so enables a second logical-historical epoch: anti-thetic thought. The faculty of judgment produces synthetic thought in exactly the same way it produces the ability to judge anti-thetically, i. In its third epoch, the faculty of judgment uncovers its own implicit production of the ground of synthetic judgment in its previous anti-thetic epoch. The logical-historical epoch of synthetic thought closes its transcendental evolution.
Oder mit andern Worten: es wird gesetz, entgegengesetzt und gleichgesetzt. Ist alles Entgegengesetzte gleichgesetzt; so ist nothwendig wiederum nichts als Thesis.
This means that in its three logical-historical epochs its self-reflecting mechanism is determined unconditionally. From the developing perspective of the judging subject, the knowledge obtained in each one of these epochs emerges as a complete knowledge vollendetes Wissen. In this way, the faculty of judgment is established exhaustively and absolutely. In addition, thetic judgment enables the judging subject to uncover the personally self-posited character of his intuitional objects.
The positing structure of the Absolute I is transferred immediately and unconsciously to the sphere of discursive representation. Man erkannte bald hieran nichts als Accidenzen, die im Strome der Zeit entstehen, und im Entstehen gegen einander verschwinden. Daher die Gottheiten der Griechen. Jede Quelle hat ihre Nymphe, jeder Hayn seinen Sylfen. Hierbei war man, auf dem Wege des empirischen Fortschreitens der Vernunft zu ihr selber, nothwendiger Weise nur in der objektiven Welt.
After Greek mythology, all human intellectual achievements are logical-historical products of reason. They enabled the establishment of the family and other such human relations. The self-reflecting faculty of judgment impels progressing reason forward methodically by an ascending repetition of the judging acts of thesis, anti-thesis and synthesis.
In this way, reason progresses. From the developing historical perspective of the judging subject, this evolutionary mechanism is not yet self-consciously reflected. This requires that progressing reason strive and self-determine for itself the transcendental possibility of the faculty of judgment. Only the logical-historical emergence of critical philosophy enables this through an ascending series of self-posited systems of thought, i. Progressing reason produces a system of knowledge through an ascending self-subsuming series of imaginative syntheses, the emerging object of which are new developing theses and anti-theses.
It is also the concomitant product of an asking-answering mechanism. All discursively developing stages of the system of knowledge attain the simultaneous character of self-posited answers that progressing reason gives to previously formulated self-posited questions. The uncovering of this essence will reveal the existence of a transcendental asking-answering mechanism of judgment. The fact that the attainment of discursive knowledge is the essence of a question as such, suggests that this essence should be a transcendentally conditioned product of reason. Asking and answering are not temporally separated, but complementary aspects of one single logical-historical act of reason.
Bei dieser Reflexion [ i. Thetic judgment endows intuitional representation with an additional qualitative status, which transforms it into a systematically self-determined content. That is why intuitional representation appears from this logical-historical angle as a transcendental moment of thetic thought. Both moments will later emerge as equivalents of 1 question and 2 answer, respectively. Only thetic judgment allows problem and result to be characterized as simultaneous moments of the discursive act of asking-answering.
Shop with confidence
Only free reflection enables discursive self-determination of this intuition. At first, for the thetically judging subject intuitional representation is a problem.
- Stirring It Up! #1 (Dish).
- Alle laufenden Crowdfunding Projekte aus Schweiz - Crowdify.
- Histroys Greatest Battles.
- La fuerza de existir: Manifiesto hedonista (Argumentos) (Spanish Edition)?
- Journey through the Abyss.
- Pesticide Use During the Gulf War: A Survey of Gulf War Veterans (Gulf War Illnesses Series).
The thetic reality of the representing subject quantified I , and the anti-thetic negation caused by the represented object quantified Not-I , appear as reciprocally excluding principles. Subsequently, the judging subject apprehends the synthetic character of its act of intuitional representation. This second moment is the result of reflection. Durch die Antwort soll diese Synthesis wirklich gegeben, und die Antithesis der Thesis also gleich gesetzt werden. Its essence is the attainment of discursive knowledge.
In any question an intuitional I and Not-I appear to the thetically judging subject as two mutually excluding thesis and anti-thesis.
Only ensuing self-determination of this self-annulling object reveals its subsequent synthetically determinable Bestimmbares moment condition. Each object emerges as a potential determinative-determinable Zubestimmend-Bestimmbares posited product.
Alle laufenden Crowdfunding Projekte aus Schweiz
Every possible question presupposes something original from which wovon or rather whereby all asking is possible, a pure subject or reason. This pure agent must not be identified with that whereupon one asks, with that one wishes to know, namely with a potential synthetically self-determined object. These two principles are opposites. The unconditional character of this original agent precludes asking about it; no answer can self-determine it synthetically. This original subject is a non-determinative-determinable agent, which should be presupposed meta-logically as a purely self-determined agent.
Das ZubestimmendBestimmbare soll nehmlich durch die Antwort dem schlechthin und bestimmt Gesetzten gleich gesetzt werden. Dies geschieht demnach durch Synthesis. Nach dem Wesen einer Synthesis ist in derselben nun die Thesis zwar nicht weiter zu bestimmen, weil man nach dem nicht fragen kann, Wovon man etwas wissen will. Jenes Wovon man etwas wissen will, wird in dieser alsdann das, was man wissen will; nur muss nothwendig auch hier wieder etwas schlechthin gesetz seyn, Wovon man es wissen will. The Absolute I is a purely self-identical, an unconditioned un-bedingte agent, that is, an agent that cannot be objectified.
All judging activity is a developing asking-answering activity. Inquiry into the transcendental possibility of a question as such enables determination of the only possible developing question that can be asked and answered in philosophy: how a system of knowledge, Wissenschaftslehre, is possible. Qualitatively, the self-reflecting faculty of judgment does not develop any further.